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Attention Deficit (ADHD & ADD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychological disorder beginning in childhood that is characterized by three broad sets of symptoms: inattention and distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. While symptoms must originate in childhood in order to meet the criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD, they persist into adulthood approximately half the time. ADHD is used interchangeably with ADD even though hyperactivity and impulsivity are not present.

How does it impact academics?

ADHD can have a profound impact on academic functioning at multiple levels. Symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity can impede classroom learning, planning for assignments, keeping track of materials, and test-taking.

How does it impact relationships?

Symptoms of ADHD, including restlessness, difficulty keeping track of dates and appointments, and a tendency to interrupt, can put a strain on relationships.

How does it impact the workplace?

If untreated, symptoms of ADHD can impede occupational functioning, particularly in positions for which organization and attention to detail are required. Poor concentration, not finishing work, or acting impulsively on the job can have a negative impact.

How is it managed?

Treatment for ADHD can include pharmacotherapy and behavior therapy. Sometimes academic accommodations can be made through the Disability Services Office.

What resources are available?

JHSAP can help students assess whether ADHD is impacting functioning enough to require intervention and support, but JHSAP does not diagnose ADHD.

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